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Lesson 2


Use the word “there” for the existence or location of things and people. 


In this lesson, you will learn how to use “there” with affirmative and negative forms of the verb “be.”  You will also learn to form questions. 

2a. there + be ✍️


I am there. / There I am. 

You are there. / There you are.

He is there. / There he is. 

She is there. / There she is. 

It is there. / There it is. 


We are there. / There we are.  

You are there. / There you are. 

They are there. / There they are. 

The best examples above are for he, she, it, and they when talking about a person’s or a thing’s location: There he is. He’s there. There she is. She’s right there. There they are. 

2a. Examples

retro, housewife, family-1321078.jpg
  • A: There is a woman.
  • B: Where is she?
  • A: She is in the kitchen. 
insect, butterfly, flower-8337915.jpg
  • A: There is a butterfly.
  • B: Is there only one?
  • A: Yes, there is only one. 

2b. there + be + negative ✍️

To make the negative, use the word “not” after the verb “be.” 

2b. Examples


I am not there. 

You are not there. 

He is not there.  

She is not there. 

It is not there. 


We are not there.  

You are not there. 

They are not there. 

men, people, smiling-60744.jpg
  • A: There are four men.
  • A: There are not any women here. 
  • B: Are there any children?
  • A: No, there are not

2c. be + subject + there ✍️

Use this word order for people or things in locations: 


Am I there?  

Are you there? 

Is he there? 

Is she there? 


Are we there? 

Are you there? 

Are they there? 

2c. Examples

walking, woman, sidewalk-7002707.jpg
  • A: Are you there? 
  • B: Yes, I am. Where are you?
  • A: I’m not there yet. I’ll be there soon. 
class, discussion, girls-302116.jpg
  • A: Is the teacher there?
  • B: No, he isn’t.   
  • A: Are the students there?
  • A: Yes, they are. 

2d. be + there + noun ✍️​

Use this word order to ask about the presence of a person or thing: 


Is there a student in the classroom? 

Is there a book on the table? 


Are there students in the classroom? 

Are there books on the table?  

The word order for this type of question can only be used for third-person singular or plural people or things. 

2d. Examples

education, student, boy-3670453.jpg
  • A: Is there a student in the classroom? 
  • B: Yes, there is. 
  • A: Are there other students in the classroom? 
  • B: No, there are not. 
apples, fruits, food-6741164.jpg
  • A: Are there any apples? 
  • B: Yes, there are. 
  • A: Are there any bananas? 
  • B: No, there are not. 

In Lesson Three, you will learn how to form contractions with the verb “be”  in the present tense. 

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