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Lesson 12
do - present tense

do - present tense

The verb “do” is very important in the present tense. You use it as a main verb and as a helping verb. 


  • John does a lot of working during the day. (main verb) 
  • Sara does not work on the weekend. (helping verb) 
  • What do you do at work? (helping verb and main verb) 

 This old video that I made in 2010 may help you learn the difference between using “do” as a main verb and as a helping verb. 

Remember:  If “do” is a main verb, it requires an object to follow it: 

  • I do a lot of things during the day. (object = things
  • She does her shopping on the weekend. (object = shopping
  • They do the dishes in the sink. (object = dishes

12a. the present tense ✍🏾

The main verb is in the present tense. 

The verb “do” represents verbs of action. 


I do

you do

he does

she does

it does 



we do 

you do

they do


I work 

you work

he works

she works

it work



we work 

you work 

they work 

The main verbs above are “work” and “do.” You may use both as action verbs. The verb “do” is used as a main verb or as a helping verb.  Read the examples. 

12a. Examples

farmer, plantation, manual work-1367104.jpg


He works every day. 

He does a lot of work. 

I work every day. 

I do a lot of work. 

Most people work every day. 

They do a lot of work. 

sewing machine, sewing, line art-7321609.jpg


Machines work

This sewing machine works

A machine can do a lot of work. (In this example, “work” is a noun. The verb “do” is the main verb in the sentence.)  

In Lesson Thirteen, you learn to make the present tense negative. 

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