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Lesson 6
subject complements

subject complements

A subject complement matches the subject and agrees with a linking verb. A subject complement can be a noun, a pronoun, or an adjective. It’s often necessary to use a subject complement because it completes the meaning of the linking verb. 


The video explains the purpose of subject complements. 

6a. subject + verb + noun ✍🏽


He is a student. 

subject: He 

subject complement: student (noun)


The verb “be” (is) links the subject and the subject complement together. 


6a. Examples

education, student, boy-3670453.jpg

He is a student. 

subject: He

verb: is (linking verb)

subject complement: student

seagulls, flight, flock-815304.jpg

They are birds.

subject: They

verb: are (linking verb) 

subject complement: birds

6b. subject + verb + adjective ✍🏽


She is happy. 

subject: She

subject complement: happy (adjective) 


An adjective is a word that modifies a noun. 

6b. Examples

woman, pretty, beautiful-593141.jpg

Her jacket is blue.

subject: jacket

verb: is (linking verb)

subject complement: blue

These rocks are colorful. 

subject: rocks

verb: are (linking verb) 

subject complement: colorful

Subject Complements

Part A – Directions: Underline the subject complement in each sentence. Indicate if it is an adjective or a noun. An adjective is a quality. A noun is a thing or a person. 

  1. This is easy. (adjective / noun)

  2. The car is red. (adjective / noun)

  3. My teacher is a man. (adjective / noun)

  4. Carla feels sick today. (adjective / noun)

  5. There’s a big hole in the ground. (adjective / noun)

  6. Where is the supermarket? (adjective / noun)

  7. That’s it. (adjective / noun)

  8. These roses look beautiful. (adjective / noun)

  9. Minnesota is a state in the United States. (adjective / noun)

  10. Are you okay? (adjective / noun)

Part B – Directions: Provide a subject complement in the following sentences. Indicate if is an adjective or a noun. 

  1. My classroom is _______________. (adjective / noun) 

  2. The dishes are _______________. (adjective / noun)

  3. My teacher’s name is _______________. (adjective / noun)

  4. The air temperature today is _______________. (adjective / noun)

  5. Today he seems _______________. (adjective / noun)

  6. I am _______________. (adjective / noun)

  7. Are you _______________? (adjective / noun)

  8. Where is _______________? (adjective / noun)

  9. This exercise is _______________. (adjective / noun)

  10.  Something smells _______________. (adjective / noun)

PDF: Subject Complements Click on the link to download this exercise.

Learn how to form questions for information using the verb “be” in Lesson Seven

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