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Lesson 26
possessive adjectives

possessive adjectives

A possessive adjective shows who owns something: 


Here are the most common possessive adjectives: 












possessive adjectives in English

25a. singular possessive adjectives

Look at the relationship between the subject pronoun and the possessive adjective that matches it.  

   I → my
you → you

he → his

 she → her  
 it → its

Notice that the possessive adjectives goes before a noun. In sentences below, the noun is the word “book.” 


  • Use “my” for yourself (I).  It’s my book.  (It’s = It is) 
  • Use “your” for a person you talk to (you).  It’s your book. 
  • Use “his” for a man.  It’s his book. 
  • Use “her” for a woman. It’s her book. 
  • Use “its” for a thing.  It’s its book. (possession is tricky when it comes to a thing, but it’s not impossible.) 

25a. Examples

  • I have a car. 
  • This is my car. 
Do you like my car? 
boy, vintage, school-2026310.jpg
  • You have an assignment. 
  • This is your assignment. 
Do you understand your assignment? 


You can ask your teacher for help. 

Your teacher can help you.

bike, together, two-3682650.jpg
  • She is on her bike. 

  • He is on his bike. 

  • The city provides its residents with bike lanes and trails to ride bikes. 


25b. plural possessive adjectives

The subject matches the adjective which goes before a noun. 

   we → our
   you → your

  they → their


  • Use “we” for you and me (we).  It’s our classroom. 
  • Use “your” for people you talk to (you).  It’s your classroom. 
  • Use “their” for other people (they).  It’s their classroom.

25b. Example

ai generated, man, teacher-8663328.jpg
  • We meet together every day in class. 
  • This is our classroom.

I + you = we

we → our

ai generated, school, students-8702858.jpg
  • You are in class. 
  • You are in your classroom. 
  • Listen to your teacher!  

you + you = you

you → your

class, discussion, girls-302116.jpg
  • They are in school. 

  • This is their classroom. 

  • They are working on their assignments. 

he / he / she / she +  = they

they → their

25c. The possessive adjective refers to a person who owns something.
  • I have a website. You are on my website. 
  • You have a computer. You use your computer to learn English. 
  • That boy over there is eating lunch. He’s eating his lunch. 
  • That girl by the window is reading a book. She’s reading her book. 
  • The bird outside is making a nest. It’s making its nest in a tree.* 
  • We have some work to do. We are doing our work. 
  • All of you here today want to improve your English. 
  • The people who came here in the past wanted to improve their English. 

* Note: When talking about animals whose gender you are unsure of, use “its.” Otherwise, you could use “his” or “her” if you know the animal’s gender–male or female.

young, cat, window-1373879.jpg

The kitten spends a lot of its time looking out the window. 

Click here for an exercise:

possessive adjectives

Directions: Choose the correct possessive adjective according to the subject.

1. I have a couch in _________ living room.

2. You have a call on _________ phone.
3. He likes to play with _________ his kids.
4. They don’t have the keys to __________ hotel room yet.
5. The dog wants __________ toys.
6. The students received _________ assignment from the teacher.
7. She has __________ own ways of doing things.
8. I have to call __________ son today.
9. They rode __________ bikes to the baseball game.
10. The workers at that company are not happy with __________ wages.
11. Bob took all of __________ medicine.
12. Where are they going on __________ honeymoon?
13. The company recently moved _________ offices to a new location.
14. You and I are working on __________ project together.
15. Why did you throw away __________ shoes?
16. Turkeys build __________ nests on the ground.
17. Where do I sign __________ name on this form?
18. Oscar can’t find __________ his keys.
19. Does your mother have ___________ keys?
20. They forgot to lock __________ door to the apartment.

In Lesson Twenty-seven, you will learn about possessive pronouns. 

It’s a good idea to study possessive adjectives and possessive pronouns at the same time. 

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