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Lesson 31
have - present tense

In the present tense, the verb “have” is in two forms: has and have. You need to know how to make this verb negative and use it in questions:  

 

  • She has a bike. 
  • She doesn’t have a car. (negative)
  • Do you have a car? (question) 

31a. have - present tense ✍🏾

have or has

singular

I have it. 

You have it. 

He has it. 

She has it. 

It has it. 

 

plural

We have it. 

You have it. 

They have it.  

The verb “have” is usually followed by an object. 

31a. Examples

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  • He has a cup of coffee in the morning.
  • I have a cup of coffee in the morning, too. 
  • He and his coworkers have a lot of work to do today. 

31b. have - present tense negative

To form the negative in the present tense, add “do” and “not” or “does” and “not” to the main verb. 

singular

I do not have it. 

You do not have it. 

He does not  have it. 

She does not have it. 

It does not have it.

 

plural

We do not have it. 

You do not have it. 

They do not have it.  

In spoken English, use the contractions: don’t or doesn’t: 

do + not + have = don’t have / does + not + have = doesn’t have

31b. Examples ✍🏾

pexels-photo-1530423-1530423.jpg
  • He doesn’t have an umbrella. 
  • He doesn’t have a hat. 
  • I don’t have a raincoat. 
  • I don’t have a reason to go out in the rain. 

31c. have - present tense yes-no questions

To form a question, the verb “do” goes before the subject: 

singular

Do I have it? 

Do you have it?  

Does he have it? 

Does she have it? 

Does it have it? 

 

plural

Do we have it?  

Do you have it?  

Do they have it?  

31c. Examples ✍🏾

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  • Do we have strawberry preserves in the pantry? 
  • Do you like fruit? 

To answer a yes-no question, use the subject and the helping verb

  • Do you like fruit? 
  • Yes, I do
  • Does he like fruit? 
  • No, he doesn’t

31d. have - present tense questions for information

Question word + (do) + subject + have?

  • What does he have? 
  • What do you have? 
  • Where do they live? 
  • How does this work? 
  • When does the store open? 
  • Why do we have so many can openers? 
  • What time does the plane leave? 
  • Who has a question? (Some questions in the present tense don’t require “do.”) 

31d. Examples ✍🏾

smartphone, phone, mobile-593345.jpg
  • What does she have on her phone? 
  • What kind of apps do you have on your phone? 
  • Who has a phone charger? 

Practice

Write in your notebook. ✍🏾

Directions: Write each sentence with the verb “have” in the present tense. 

1. He  _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _  a class today. 

2. She _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ a class today. (negative) 

3. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ the store _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ milk? (question) 

4.  I _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ a lot of work to do. 

5. The oven  _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _  a light. (negative) 

6. We _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ some potatoes in the pantry. 

7. We  _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _  any bananas (negative) 

8. The students in the classroom _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _  an assignment. 

9. Why _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ The teacher _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _a red pen. (question)

10. Who _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ question? (question) 

The answers are below. 

In the Thirty-two, you will learn to use “have” in the past tense. 

 

Answers: 

1. He has a class today. 

2. She doesn’t have a class today. (negative) 

3. Does the store have milk? (question) 

4.  I have a lot of work to do. 

5. The oven doesn’t have a light. (negative) 

6. We have some potatoes in the pantry. 

7. We  don’t have  any bananas (negative) 

8. The students in the classroom have  an assignment. 

9. Why does The teacher have a red pen. (question)

10. Who has a question? (question) 

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